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Chlorine and chloramines are toxic to fresh and saltwater fish, amphibians, and reptiles. Both chlorine and chloramines pass through the gills into the bloodstream inhibiting the red blood cells’ ability to carry oxygen. Chlorinated and chloraminated water is safe for people and animals that do not live in water.
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Changing the disinfectant method to free chlorine periodically provides additional protection against microorganism contamination and helps ensure the water you receive remains safe.
Temporary and periodic switches in disinfectant are a well-known industry standard, particularly for utilities in warm climates such as Florida.
During the first two weeks and last two weeks of this period, as the water in the distribution system transitions from chloramine disinfectant to free chlorine and then back to chloramines, customers who use kidney dialysis machines should be aware that their water may contain chlorine, ammonia, and/or a mixture of the two. During the middle six weeks, the water should contain free chlorine only. Other specialized users of water, such as fish owners, stores and restaurants with fish aquariums and holding tanks for fish and shellfish, along with hospitals, blood/dialysis clinics, or users of home dialysis equipment may need to take action to maintain appropriate water quality during this temporary switch in disinfection. These users are encouraged to contact an appropriate professional for guidance on how to use the equipment during this period. The temporary change in treatment may have adverse effects on dialysis machines and may be harmful to fish and aquatic mammals if not properly addressed.
Only fish, amphibian and reptile owners, as well as dialysis patients, need to take special precautions. For all other users, there are no precautions that you need to take. However, if you are sensitive to the taste or smell of chlorine, you can collect water in a container and place it in your refrigerator for a few hours. This will allow for much of the chlorine to leave the water. Some customers may notice a change in color. If they are concerned about the color they should contact the Utilities Department.
Boiling water will remove chlorine, as will allowing chlorinated water to stand in an open container for a few hours.
Chloramine is the normal disinfectant used to treat Cocoa’s water. It is a combination of chlorine and ammonia that is added in very small amounts to treated water to provide continuous disinfection in the pipes and tanks that distribute drinking water. It is more stable than chlorine providing longer-lasting disinfection as the water moves through pipes to our customers. You can find out more at Chloramines in Drinking Water.
Cocoa’s water is safe to drink. Cocoa is a regional utility provider. As such, safe, reliable, quality drinking water is our job and we are dedicated to providing that to our customers.
Visit www.CocoaWaterWorks.com or www.CocoaFL.org for more information about Cocoa’s Drinking Water.
To view the Cocoa’s 2019 Water Quality Report visit: www.CocoaFL.org/WaterQualityReport.
Two methods are typically used. Either method will work:
Test kits are available to test for chlorine and chloramine. A separate test for ammonia is also required and two methods are commonly used:
For more information contact your aquarium supply or pet supply store.
Like chlorine, chloramine can harm kidney dialysis patients during the dialysis process if not removed from water before entering the blood stream. Dialysis industry standards require that a trained nurse, technician, or caregiver test for both chlorine and chloramine to ensure both have been removed from the water before use in a dialysis machine. Chlorine and chloramine are both safe for dialysis patients to drink, cook with, and bathe in because the digestive system neutralizes both chlorine and chloramine before it enters the blood stream.
Two methods are typically used:
For more information contact your dialysis provider, physician, or the Brevard County Health Department at 321-726-2913.