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A reversal of the normal direction of flow. There are two different types of backflow:
There are two types of protection:
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Reclaimed water is the final product of a multiple-stage advanced wastewater treatment process that eliminates pathogens (solids, organics and viruses) and still retains nitrogen and phosphorus elements that work as fertilizers to enhance ornamental plant and turf grass growth. This water is ideal for lawn sprinkling, but not suitable for human consumption (non-potable).
The monthly sewer bill is for the treatment of sewage. Providing reclaimed water for irrigation involves additional costs beyond those for the treatment of sewage.
Water that is chemically and biologically safe for drinking.
Water that is not suitable for drinking.
An approved cross connection device is required on the potable water line serving any property receiving reclaimed water. A Water Reclamation Coordinator will make sure one is installed before turning on reclaimed water service. Reclaimed water piping must be completely isolated, disconnected, and separate from all potable water lines.
A device that prevents backflow from the customers system into the drinking water distribution system. Backflow preventers are installed on the customers side of the potable water meter by the City of Cocoa; the cost is included in the connection charge.
A link between a potable and non-potable system that would allow a non-potable water source to enter the potable water supply.
Reclaimed water shall be used for irrigation purposes only.
For an existing sprinkler system, we recommend that you take the largest zone and calculate the number of heads in that zone multiplied by the gallons per minute each head requires to determine the total gallon per minute requirement for that zone. A ¾” service line provides 20 gpm, a 1” service line provides 50 gpm and a 2” service line provides 160 gpm.
A fitting that allows you to connect a garden hose to a water system.
A threaded x slip (female) adapter based on the size of your service.
Sprinkler heads are rated at a specific GPM flow rate at a specific pressure. We recommend that you use 40 psi when designing your system. Example: if your sprinkler heads use 2.5 gpm @ 40 psi, then a ¾” service (20 gpm) could operate approximately 8 heads at one time. Based on this example calculation, you would not have more than 8 heads on at one time. If your irrigation system has more than one zone, your largest zone would not have more than 8 heads on at one time.
Yes, as long as the hose bibb (spigot) is in a box and the box is locked or the handle is removed.
You can water all ornamental plants, trees, turfs and grasses.
Reclaimed water is not restricted at this time, there is no limit on its use; however; over watering can result in high utility bills and can cause problems with your lawn.
No. Reclaimed water is not the same as potable water and is not suitable for human contact, such as bathing, swimming pools or laundry.
No. Reclaimed water is not the same as potable water and is not suitable for human consumption.
The amount will show up on your next water bill and will continue until the balance is paid in full.
Allow up to three (3) +/- weeks for installation of all hardware (service line and reclaim meter). Once the backflow preventer has been installed. Backflow preventer installation is highly dependent on the customers availability.
You can connect to the reclaimed service line when city crews have installed both the service meter and backflow preventer. If you have an existing irrigation system you must disconnect it from the current water source before connecting to the reclaimed water service. Please contact the Environmental Control Coordinator’s before disconnecting from your current water supply to avoid any delay in service. If you have a new system, please contact the Environmental Control Coordinator at 321-433-8749, 321-433- 8714 or 321-433-8760 and make sure your reclaimed water service is inspected and online before installing landscape plants or sod.
The approximate pressure will be 40psi – 60psi. If you are installing a new irrigation system, use 40psi as the operating pressure in all design calculations.
PSI stands for pounds per square inch (pressure of force per unit area measurement in PSI).
GPM stands for gallons per minute (flow rating).
After installation of the backflow preventer, the city will allow a 24-hour adjustment/line flushing period prior to the appointment for inspection. Please refer to your “Reclaimed Water Customer Orientation” form under “Customer Responsibilities” in your orientation packet to find items that will be checked during the inspection. For more information, call the Water Reclamation Facility Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Our chloride level averages around 140 parts per million. The salt content is low enough that reclaimed water will not harm sensitive plants. Reclaimed water has a low iron content that will not stain walkways and buildings.
There can be no interconnection between the reclaimed water system and any other system. The well may remain but you must physically disconnect it from the reclaimed water piping. Do not use reclaimed water within 100 feet of all potable water wells. Using reclaimed water vs. a well will eliminate the expense of a well, drilling, pump installation / operation and maintenance cost.
You must peel or cook food crops that come in contact with reclaimed water. Water "salad" crops in a way that avoids getting water on the plant / leaves (root zone irrigation).
No. Reclaimed water has a very low iron content.
Using reclaimed water for toilet flushing is allowed in commercial or industrial facilities. Reclaimed water cannot be used for toilet flushing in any residential property or dwelling unit where the residents have access to the plumbing system for repairs or modifications.
Yes. Reclaimed water is treated so it is safe for incidental human contact such as lawn irrigation.